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TAMIL CALENDAR

Times of the day

    In Tamil calender each day has good time & Bad time. All persons will follows this when they start any new ventures.

The following table lists the bad times in a day:

 

 

Day Raghu Kalam Kuligai Emagandam
Sunday 4.30 - 6.00 3.00 - 4.30 12.00 - 1.30
Monday 7.30 - 9.00 1.30 - 3.00 10.30 - 12.00
Tuesday 3.00 - 4.30 12.00 - 1.30 9.00 - 10.30
Wednesday 12.00 - 1.30 10.30 - 12.00 7.30 - 9.00
Thursday 1.30 - 3.00 9.00 - 10.30 6.00 - 7.30
Friday 10.30 - 12.00 7.30 - 9.00 3.00 - 4.30
Saturday 9.00 - 10.30 6.00 - 7.30 1.30 - 3.00
 

 

The Seven-Day Week

 

The Tamil calendar also follows a seven-day week. The names of the seven days are analogous to those used in most other calendars i.e. they correspond to the same celestial bodies Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, in that order.

The following table lists the days of the week in Tamil:

 

No. Tamil day English English day
1. Nyaayitru-kizhamai Sunday
2. Thingat-kizhamai Monday
3. Sevvaai-kizhamai Tuesday
4. Budhan-kizhamai Wednesday
5. Vyaazha-kizhamai Thursday
6. Velli-kizhamai Friday
7. Sani-kizhamai Saturday

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The Twelve Months

The Tamil new year usually falls in mid-April and the calendar consists of twelve months. Unlike the Gregorian calendar, the number of days in a given month can vary between years. Moreover, Tamil months may even have 32 days. For example, the month of Vaikasi had 32 days in 1996 and 31 days in 1998. Similarly, Aani had 31 days in 1996 and 32 days in 1998,2006.

The following table shows when the first day of each month occurs

:

 
No. Tamil month  English Start date 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
10. Thai January 14 14 15 14 14 14 15 15 15 14
11. Maasi February 12 13 13 13 12 12 13 13 13 13
12. Panguni March 14 15 15 14 14 14 15 14 15 15
1. Chiththirai April 14+ 14+ 14+ 13+ 13+ 13+ 14+ 13+ 14+ 14+
2. Vaikasi May 15 15 15 14 14 14 15 14 15 15
3. Aani June 15 15 15 15 14 15 15 15 15 15
4. Aadi July 17 17 17 16 16 16 17 16 16 17
5. Aavani August 17 17 18 16 17 17 18 17 17 17
6. Purattasi September 17 17 18 16 17 17 18 17 17 17
7. Aippasi October 17 18 18 17 17 17 18 17 18 18
8. Karthikai November 16 17 17 16 16 16 17 16 16 17
9. Markazhi December 16 16 16 15 15 16 16 16 16 16


 

============================================================================================================================

The Sixty-Year Cycle

Each year in the Tamil calendar has a name. These names follow a 60-year cycle. (The number 60 represents five Jovian periods i.e. it takes Jupiter about 12 years to orbit the sun).

The following table lists the cycle of sixty year names:

No. Name  English Year Year
1 Prabhava 1985--1986 1987--1988
2 Vibhava 1928--1929 1988--1989
3 Sukla 1929--1930 1989--1990
4 Pramodhudha 1930--1931 1990--1991
5 Prajorpati 1931--1932 1991--1992
6 Angirasa 1932--1933 1992--1993
7 Srimukha 1933--1934 1993--1994
8 Bhava 1934--1935 1994--1995
9 Yuva 1935--1936 1995--1996
10 Dhatu 1936--1937 1996--1997
11 Isvara 1937--1938 1997--1998
12 Vehudhanya 1938--1939 1998--1999
13 Pramathi 1939--1940 1999--2000
14 Vikrama 1940--1941 2000--2001
15 Vishu 1941--1942 2001--2002
16 Chitrabanu 1942--1943 2002--2003
17 Subanu 1943--1944 2003--2004
18 Tarana 1944--1945 2004--2005
19 Parthiba 1945--1946 2005--2006
20 Viya 1946--1947 2006--2007
21 Sarvajit 1947--1948 2007--2008
22 Sarvadhari 1948--1949 2008--2009
23 Virodhi 1949--1950 2009--2010
24 Viruti 1950--1951 2010--2011
25 Kara 1951--1952 2011--2012
26 Nandana 1952--1953 2012--2013
27 Vijaya 1953--1954 2013--2014
28 Jaya 1954--1955 2014--2015
29 Manmatha 1955--1956 2015--2016
30 Dhunmuki 1956--1957 2016--2017
31 Hevilambi 1957--1958 2017--2018
32 Vilambi 1958--1959 2018--2019
33 Vikari 1959--1960 2019--2020
34 Sarvari 1960--1961 2020--2021
35 Plava 1961--1962 2021--2022
36 Subakrit 1962--1963 2022--2023
37 Sobakrit 1963--1964 2023--2024
38 Krodhi 1964--1965 2024--2025
39 Visuvasuva 1965--1966 2025--2026
40 Parabhava 1966--1967 2026--2027
41 Plavanga 1967--1968 2027--2028
42 Kilaka 1968--1969 2028--2029
43 Saumya 1969--1970 2029--2030
44 Sadharana 1970--1971 2030--2031
45 Virodhikritu 1971--1972 2031--2032
46 Paridhabi 1972--1973 2032--2033
47 Pramadhisa 1973--1974 2033--2034
48 Ananda 1974--1975 2034--2035
49 Rakshasa 1975--1976 2035--2036
50 Nala 1976--1977 2036--2037
51 Pingala 1977--1978 2037--2038
52 Kalayukti 1978--1979 2038--2039
53 Siddharthi 1979--1980 2039--2040
54 Raudri 1980--1981 2040--2041
55 Dunmati 1981--1982 2041--2042
56 Dundubhi 1982--1983 2042--2043
57 Rudhrodhgari 1983--1984 2043--2044
58 Raktakshi 1984--1985 2044--2045
59 Krodhana 1985--1986 2045--2046
60 Akshaya 1986--1987 2046--2047

           
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